Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

The Company and Basis of Presentation

The Company and Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Organization Consolidation And Presentation Of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
The Company and Basis of Presentation



Nature of Operations

One Stop Systems, Inc. (“we,” “our,” “OSS,” or the “Company”) was originally incorporated as a California corporation in 1999 after initially being formed as a California limited liability company in 1998. On December 14, 2017, the Company was reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in connection with its initial public offering.  The Company designs, manufactures, and markets industrial grade computer systems and components that are based on industry standard computer architectures. The Company markets its products to manufacturers of automated equipment used for media and entertainment, medical, industrial, and military applications.     

During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary in Germany, One Stop Systems, GmbH (“OSS GmbH”).  During July 2016, the Company acquired Mission Technologies Group, Inc. (“Magma”) and its operations.

In April 2017, the Company and a related entity formed a joint venture named SkyScale, LLC in the State of California (“SkyScale”).  In accordance with the Contribution Agreement, each member contributed $750,000 and received a 50% interest in the joint venture.  The purpose of SkyScale was to engage in the business of providing high performance computing capabilities as cloud services.  As a result of changes in the competitive landscape and downward pressure on pricing from large competitors, the members of the SkyScale joint venture agreement agreed to dissolve SkyScale and ceased operations as of December 31, 2018.

On August 31, 2018, the Company acquired Concept Development Inc. (“CDI”) located in Irvine, California.  CDI specializes in the design and manufacture of custom high-performance computing systems for airborne in-flight entertainment and networking systems.  CDI has been fully integrated into the core operations of OSS as of June 1, 2020.

On October 31, 2018, OSS GmbH acquired 100% of the outstanding stock of Bressner Technology GmbH, a Germany limited liability company located near Munich, Germany (“Bressner”).  Bressner provides standard and customized servers, panel PCs, and PCIe expansion systems.  Bressner also provides manufacturing, test, and sales and marketing services for customers throughout Europe.

Liquidity, Going Concern Considerations and Management Plans


Given our recurring operating losses, the Company’s primary sources of liquidity have been provided by (i) the Company’s February 2018 initial public offering (net proceeds were approximately $16,100,000); (ii) March 2019 notes payable from members of the Board of Directors and others of $1,500,000; (iii) the July 2019 sale of 1,554,546 shares of the Company’s common stock for net cash proceeds of $2,488,148; (iv) the April 24, 2020 sale of $3,000,000 of Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Notes issued at a 10% original issue discount; (v) receipt of approximately $1,500,000 on April 28, 2020 of government loan proceeds under the Paycheck Protection Program, and (vi) a receipt of approximately $9,221,000 on March 3, 2021 in a registered direct offering.

As of March 31, 2021, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents were $19,614,315 and working capital was $25,935,632.  Cash and cash equivalents held by Bressner totaled $1,263,430 (USD) at March 31, 2021.  Bressner’s debt covenants do not permit the use of these funds by its parent company.

During the three month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company experienced an operating income of $275,031, with cash generated by operating activities of $4,291,066.  During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company experienced an operating loss of $424,281, with cash used in operating activities of $250,173.  

The Company’s revenue growth during the prior year slowed due to the effects of COVID-19.  However, resulting from a reduction in force and strict cost containment, the Company has been able to mitigate the effects, to some degree, of the reduced revenue attributable to the economic impact of COVID-19.

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19, a global pandemic and the United States federal government declared it a national emergency. COVID-19 continues to impact worldwide economic activity. A public health pandemic, including COVID-19, poses the risk that we or our employees, contractors, customers, suppliers, and other partners may be prevented from conducting business activities for an indefinite period of time, including due to shutdowns that may be requested or mandated by governmental authorities.  

More generally, COVID-19 raises the possibility of an extended global economic downturn, which could affect demand for our products and services, and impact our results and financial condition even after the pandemic is contained and remediation/restriction measures are lifted. For example, we may be unable to collect receivables from customers that are significantly impacted by COVID-19. Also, a decrease in orders in a given period could negatively affect our revenues in future periods. COVID-19 may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in the “Risk Factors” section of our December 31, 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed March 25, 2021, including risks associated with our customers and supply chain. We will continue to evaluate the nature and extent of the impact of COVID-19 to our business.

Presently, it is clear the global economy has been negatively impacted by COVID-19, and demand for some of our products and services have been reduced due to uncertainty and the economic impact of COVID-19. In particular, in the media and entertainment industry, demand for the use of outdoor media equipment has been impacted due to restrictions on public gatherings. Until such restrictions improve, we expect that demand for certain of our clients’ products and services will be limited, and may not return to prior levels, and thus, may impact our financial results and operations.


Specifically, our business has also begun to be negatively affected by a range of external factors related to COVID-19 that are not within our control. For example, numerous measures have been implemented by governmental authorities across the globe to contain the virus, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, restrictions and limitations of public gatherings, and business limitations and shutdowns. Many of our customers’ businesses have been severely impacted by these measures and some have been required to reduce employee headcount as a result. If a significant number of our customers are unable to continue as a going concern, this would have an adverse impact on our business and financial condition. In addition, many of our customers are working remotely, which may delay the timing of new business and implementations of our services. If COVID-19 continues to have a substantial impact on our partners, customers, or suppliers, our results of operations and overall financial performance will be harmed.


Though management has been proactively managing through the current known impacts, if the situation further deteriorates or the outbreak results in further restriction on supply and demand factors, our cash flows, financial position and operating results for year 2021 and beyond will be negatively impacted. Neither the length of time nor the magnitude of the negative impacts can be presently determined.


The longer the COVID-19 pandemic persists, the greater the potential for significant adverse impact to our business operations.  Quarantines, travel restrictions, prohibitions on non-essential gatherings, shelter-in-place orders and other similar directives and policies intended to reduce the spread of the disease, may reduce our productivity and that of the third parties on which we rely and may disrupt and delay many aspects of our business.


The Company is complying with state mandated requirements for safety in the workplace to ensure the health, safety and welling-being of our employees. These measures included personal protective equipment, social distancing, and cleanliness of the facilities and daily monitoring of the health of employees in our facilities.  We have not developed a specific and comprehensive contingency plan designed to address the challenges and risks presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, even if and when we do develop such a plan, there can be no assurance that such plan will be effective in mitigating the potential adverse effects on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Management’s plans with respect to the above is to continue its efforts towards responding to the changing economic landscape attributable to COVID-19, to continue to reduce costs, conserve cash, strengthen margins, and improve company-wide execution.  Specific actions already implemented by management include a reduction in force, a limited freeze on hiring, reduced work week, minimizing overtime, travel and entertainment, and contractor costs.  On April 7, 2020, the Company implemented a cost reduction plan which included the termination of certain employees and elimination of certain costs.  Savings from this effort are estimated to be $2.5 million on an annual basis.  

While management expects these actions to result in prospective cost reductions, management is also committed to securing debt and/or equity financing to ensure that liquidity will be sufficient to meet the Company’s cash requirements through at least a period of the next twelve months. Management believes potential sources of liquidity include at least the following:



In May 2019, the Company filed a Form S-3 prospectus with the Securities and Exchange Commission which became effective on June 19, 2019, and allows the Company to offer up to $100,000,000 aggregate dollar amount of shares of its common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants to purchase its common stock, preferred stock or debt securities, subscription rights to purchase its common stock, preferred stock or debt securities and\or units consisting of some or all of these securities, in any combination, together or separately, in one or more offerings, in amounts, at prices and on the terms that the Company will determine at the time of the offering and which will be set forth in a prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus.


On April 24, 2020, the Company completed a $6.0 million debt financing on a non-interest bearing convertible note with a 10% original issue discount.  The first tranche of $3.0 million was received on April 27, 2020, with an additional $3.0 million available seven months from the date of closing at the option of the Company conditioned upon meeting certain requirements which have been satisfied.  The note is repayable in twenty-two installments beginning three months after closing in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock.


On March 1, 2021, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor, pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell, in a registered direct offering, 1,497,006 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, to the purchaser at an offering price of $6.68 per share. The registered offering was conducted pursuant to the Company’s effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration No. 333-231513), which was initially filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 15, 2019; and was declared effective on June 19, 2019.  As compensation for their services, the Company paid to the placement agents a fee equal to 7% of the gross proceeds received by the Company as a result of the registered offering, and reimbursed the placement agents for certain expenses incurred in connection with such offering. The net proceeds from the registered offering are approximately $9.2 million after deducting certain fees due to the placement agents’ and the Company’s transaction expenses. The net proceeds received by the Company will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes.

As a result of management’s cost reduction plans, the Company’s sources of liquidity and management’s most recent cash flow forecasts, management believes that the Company has sufficient liquidity to satisfy its anticipated cash requirements for at least the next twelve months. However, there can be no assurance that management’s cost reduction efforts will be effective, the forecasted cash flows will be achieved, or that external sources of financing, including the issuance of debt and/or equity securities, will be available at times and on terms acceptable to the Company, or at all.  


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis of accounting in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”), as set forth in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”).  

The unaudited consolidated financial statements herein have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the presumption that users of the interim financial information have either read or have access to the audited consolidated financial statements for the latest year ended December 31, 2020.  Accordingly, note disclosures which would substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in the December 31, 2020 audited consolidated financial statements have been omitted from these interim unaudited consolidated financial statements.  The Company evaluated all subsequent events and transactions through the date of filing this report.

In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the accompanying condensed financial statements.  Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.  For further information, refer to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 25, 2021.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of OSS, which include the acquisition of Concept Development Inc., its wholly owned subsidiary, OSS GmbH, which also includes the acquisition of Bressner Technology GmbH.  Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.